Ready For School
Vision changes can occur without your
child or you noticing them. Therefore, the
American Optometric Association
school-aged children
receive a vision examination every
, or more frequently, if specific
problems or risk factors exist.
When seeking professional care, it is important to realize that not all
examinations are the same.
Tests which should be performed
during an eye exam for school-aged children are:
A patient history to review the child's developmental,
school, and health history, and any current eye, vision or
learning problems the child is having.

evaluation of eye health to examine the internal
and external parts of the eyes for the presence of any eye
disease or abnormalities.

Visual acuity (eye chart) measurements to determine how
clearly a child is seeing in the distance.

refraction to determine if a child is nearsighted,
farsighted or has astigmatism and the appropriate lens power
needed to compensate for these refractive problems.

Testing of how well the eyes focus, move and
work together
. This testing will look for problems that
keep the eyes from seeing clearly at near or make it difficult to
move or use both eyes together.

Assessment of visual perceptual abilities, as
needed, including eye-hand coordination, visual memory,
visualization, and visual discrimination, which can impact
reading and learning abilities.

When is a Vision Exam Needed?
Following the exam, the doctor should review with you the results of
the testing and discuss how any diagnosed vision problems may
relate to school performance. The doctor should also provide
recommendations for treatment.

If you have questions about the testing, or the test results, be
sure to ask.

The earlier a vision problem is detected and treated, the more likely
treatment will be successful. When needed, your child's eye doctor
can prescribe eyeglasses, contact lenses, or vision therapy to treat
any vision problems.
Vision Topics