Ready For School
Vision changes can occur without your child or
you noticing them. Therefore, the American
Optometric Association recommends

school-aged children receive a vision
examination every year
, or more
frequently, if specific problems or risk factors
When seeking professional care, it is important to realize that not all
examinations are the same.
Tests which should be performed
during an eye exam for school-aged children are:
A patient history to review the child's developmental, school, and
health history, and any current eye, vision or learning problems the
child is having.

evaluation of eye health to examine the internal and external
parts of the eyes for the presence of any eye disease or abnormalities.

Visual acuity (eye chart) measurements to determine how clearly a
child is seeing in the distance.

refraction to determine if a child is nearsighted, farsighted or has
astigmatism and the appropriate lens power needed to compensate for
these refractive problems.

Testing of how well the eyes focus, move and work together.
This testing will look for problems that keep the eyes from seeing clearly
at near or make it difficult to move or use both eyes together.

Assessment of visual perceptual abilities, as needed, including
eye-hand coordination, visual memory, visualization, and visual
discrimination, which can impact reading and learning abilities.

When is a Vision Exam Needed?
Following the exam, the doctor should review with you the results of the
testing and discuss how any diagnosed vision problems may relate to
school performance. The doctor should also provide recommendations for

If you have questions about the testing, or the test results, be
sure to ask.

The earlier a vision problem is detected and treated, the more likely
treatment will be successful. When needed, your child's eye doctor can
prescribe eyeglasses, contact lenses, or vision therapy to treat any vision
Vision Topics