Ready For School
Vision Skills Needed for School Success
Vision is more than just the ability to see
clearly, or 20/20 eyesight. It is also
necessary to understand and respond to
what is seen. Children who lack specific
vision skills will likely have difficulty
reading and learning.

Every child needs to have the following
vision skills in order to succeed in school:
Visual acuity - the ability to see clearly in the distance for viewing the
chalkboard and up close for reading a book.

Eye focusing - the ability to quickly and accurately change the focus of the
eyes as the distance from objects change, such as when looking from the
chalkboard to a paper on the desk and back; and to easily maintain clear
focus over time like when reading a book or writing a report.

Eye tracking - the ability to keep the eyes on target when looking from one
object to another, moving the eyes along a printed page, or following a
moving object like a thrown ball.

Eye teaming - the ability to coordinate and use both eyes together when
moving the eyes along a printed page and to be able to judge distances and
see depth for driving and sports.

Eye-hand coordination - the ability to use visual information to monitor
and direct the hands when writing a book report or trying to hit a ball.

Visual processing (visual perception) - the ability to organize images on a
printed page into letters, words and ideas and to understand and remember
what is read.

If any of these or other vision skills are lacking or not functioning properly,
a child will have to work harder. This can lead to headaches, fatigue and
other eyestrain problems.

Any child who is not performing up to his or her potential in school
have a comprehensive vision examination.
Vision Topics