l Small wagon, kiddy car, or tricycle (general movement)
l Push and pull toys (general movement,
l Sandbox (general movement, special movement)
l Bright balls (special movement, eye movement)
special movement)
l Large snap-lock beads (special movement, eye movement)
l Take a part toys (special movement, eye movement)
Four to five years

l Cars, dump trucks, planes, etc. (special movement, eye movement)

l Construction toys (special movement, eye movement, visualization)

l Workbench with hammer, saw and nails (special movement, eye movement)

l Bean bags (special movement, eye movement)

l Cutting and pasting materials (special movement, eye movement)

l Coloring books (special movement, eye movement, visualization)

l Connecting dots (special movement, eye movement, visualization)

l Parquetry blocks (special movement, eye movement, visualization)

l Tricycle/bicycle (general movement)

l Puzzles (special movement, eye movement, visualization)

l Memory games (visualization)

l Pegboards (special movement, eye movement)

l Picture books (vision-language, visualization)

Six to twelve years

l Table top sports games (general movement, special movement, eye movement)

l Board games (special movement, eye movement, vision-language,

l Model car or airplane sets (special movement, eye movement, visualization)

l Electric trains (special movement, eye movement, visualization)

l Hobby and craft kits (special movement, eye movement, visualization)

l Video games (special movement, eye movement, visualization)

l Electronic learning/interactive games (special movement, eye movement,

l Jump ropes (general movement)

l Puzzles (special movement, eye movement, visualization)

l Books (vision-language, visualization)
Toy Safety

Today, labels used by many toy
manufacturers on packaging make
choosing a safe, age-appropirate
toy or game much easier. But it is
still up to the purchaser to decide
which toys are suitable and which
can pose a risk for their child.

The U.S. Consumer Product
Saftey Commission (CPSC) has
developed toy saftey guidelines
that every parent should follow.

l Give your baby nesting toys to play with

l Provide pots and pans (special movement, eye movement)

l Place a plastic mirror in a place where your baby can catch a view of himself

l Busy b0x (special movement, eye movement)

l Make available a large, bright rattle (eye movement)

l Windup toys that can move to and from your baby as he/she watches (eye

l Simple pop-up toys (special movement, eye movement)

Nine to eighteen months

l Pull toys that make sounds (general movement, special movement,

l Blocks and pegs (special movement, eye movement)

l Hammer and pegs (special movement)

l Simple 2 piece puzzels (visualization, eye movement)

l Read aloud to your child from picutre books (vision-language, visualization)

l Stacking toys (special movement, eye movement, visualization)

l Large balls (special movement, eye movement)

l Fillable objects and pouring toys (special movement)

l Stuffed animals (special movement, eye movement)

Nineteen months to three years
(special movement, eye movement)
Toys & Games Help Kids "Learn to See"
General movement abilities for the development
and coordination of sitting, crawling, standing and walking skills.

Special movement abilities for the development of eye-hand
coordination skills.

Eye movement abilities for the development of eye focusing, eye
teaming and eye tracking skills.

Vision-language abilities for the development of communication skills.

Visualization abilities for the development of interpretation and
perception skills.

Selecting Age-Appropriate Toys

With so many toys to choose from, how do parents decide what toy or game
may be most appropriate for their infant or child?

The following guidelines can help. They provide a recommended
age-appropriate listing of toys and games. The list is certainly not complete.
But it can assist adults in selecting toys and games that will not only provide
for safe, fun play, but also help enhance a child's visual and thinking skills.

The specific area(s) for enhancing vision development are listed in blue
after each toy, game or activity. Since children progress at different rates,
good judgment is needed by parents to determine if a toy is appropriate for
their child. Also, toys or games listed in a younger age group can continue
to be appropriate for older children as well.
Age-appropriate toys, games and activities can provide
opportunities for children to practice skills in the following
developmental areas:

l Place multicolored mitts on your baby's hands. (general and
special movement)

l Hang a patterned piece of material on the crib with a bell attached. (eye movement)

l Provide multicolored objects (rattles, squeaky rubber toys, etc.) (eye movement)

l Make a bridge between the two sides of the crib and attach a multicolored object to
it that can be made to swing
(eye movement)

l Suspend a mobile over the crib (eye movement)

l Hang a cradle gym across the crib (special movement)

Four to eight months

l Provide objects of different textures, sizes and weights (visualization)

l Use colorful toys that make noises (vision-language)

l Place small objects within his/her reach so your baby can practice grasping and
holding abilities
(special movement)

l Place a kickable mobile at the end of the crib (general movement)

l Roll a patterned ball toward your baby as he/she sits on the floor (general
movement, eye movement)
Learning with Toys and Games

Young children learn primarily through play. Toys and games entertain and
stimulate young minds and help children develop the physical, language, social
and intellectual skills they will need in life.

A toy or game can be helpful in enhancing a child's development, as long as it is
safe, well constructed, and age-appropriate. Even everyday household items like
plastic bowls and measuring cups, and homemade toys can be just as effective in
helping a child learn as toys purchased at a store.

Toys that give a child the opportunity to actively engage in the learning process
also help foster the development of creativity and imagination. And parents
involvement in playing with their child can maximize the benefits.

Toys and games can also foster the development of specific vision skills a child
needs for learning.
Vision Topics
Birth to three months